Tauhid.net

The etiquettes of sleeping

The Sunnahs of the evening and night are very important as they provide protection at a time when the Satans are the most active, but at the same time our defense is weak. However, the Adhkaar listed here are very extensive (though not by far all of them have been cited), and the normal Muslim will surely be overwhelmed to practice it all. So everyone should choose for himself what he likes best and most importantly, what he can practice regularly! It is much better to do little, but regularly, as much, but only occasionally as the Prophet s.a.w. told us:

'Aishah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "The deeds which Allah loves most are those that are done regularly, even if they are few." (1)

There are, however, Adhkaar which are more important, and give more protection and more reward than others.

It is also good to change the routine sometimes, so that one is more attentive. Probably the Prophet s.a.w. and his companions did so, because it is hardly conceivable that they recited the entire Adhkaar every evening completely.

The night is for sleeping and for worship. This order arranged Allah Himself. Whoever makes the night a day is acting against this order and has to expect negative consequences.

He it is Who hath appointed for you the night that ye should rest therein and the day giving sight. Lo! herein verily are portents for a folk that heed. [Yunus 67]

Sleep is one of the conditions in which we are most vulnerable. We should therefore prepare ourselves for it, not only because we protect ourselves, but also because we get great reward during sleep if we do it according the Sunnah, and in this way becomes worship at a time when the Evil is most active.

Jabir reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said, "When the darkness of night sets in, the devils spread about." (2)

And Jabir also reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said, "After the quietness (of night), lessen your ventures outdoors, for, indeed, Allah has creatures that He then lets loose." (3)

So we see that the night is a time when evil is more active, be it dangerous animals, Jinn, magic, and evil people. The Prophet s.a.w. has given us instructions, so that we may be safer during this time.

The best protection against the evils of this world is God-remembrance (Dhikr), which in this context means to remember and praise Allah.

... and hymn the praise of thy Lord before the rising and before the setting of the sun. And in the night-time hymn His praise, and after the [prescribed] prostrations. [Qaf 39-40]

Al-Harith al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said, "...And I command you to extoll Allah. The example of this is like that of a man who is being closely chased by enemies - until he reaches a secure fortress where he takes shelter against them. Similarly, a person cannot protect himself from Satan except by extolling Allah" (4)

Jabir reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said, "When a person invokes Allah upon entering his home and over his food, Satan tells his allies, "There is no lodging or food for you (in this house tonight)." But if that person enters his home without invoking Allah, Satan says to his allies, ,You have secured lodging.' And if he does not invoke Allah over his food, Satan says, 'You have secured both lodging and food.' " (5)

When the sun goes down, the children should be kept indoors to protect them from the evils of the night, especially between the evening and the night prayer, since the Satans are most active then.

Jabir reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: When the night sets in, restrain your children (from playing) until the peak of dusk ends, because devils spread at that time. When an hour of the night has passed, you may release them." (6)

The children may go out after the night prayer but if it becomes late at night and the streets get empty, nobody should stay outside without an important reason.

We should lock the doors and windows and pronounce the name of Allah (" Bismillah ").

Jabir Bin 'Abdillah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "When the night sets in, close the doors and utter Allah's name over them. Indeed, Satan would not open a closed door upon which Allah's Name was uttered." (7)

We should cover food and beverages during the night by pronouncing the name of Allah.

Jabir Bin 'Abdillah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "When the night sets in, close large jars and tie the water skins, and pronounce Allah's name; and cover food vessels - even if only by placing a stick across their opening, and pronounce Allah's name. Indeed, the Devil would not open or uncover closed vessels." (8)

When we go to bed we should extinguish all fires and lamps.

'Abdullah Bin 'Umar and Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Do not leave the fire lighted in your homes when you go to sleep, because it is an enemy to you. So when you go to sleep, extinguish it." (9)

Important Adhkaar of the evening / night

Some Adhkaar listed below are already mentioned under protective measure. One finds the Suras and verses also at the beginning of the appendix.

'Abdullah Bin Khubayb reported that he went with other men on a dark and rainy night seeking the Prophet s.a.w. to lead them in prayer. When they found him, the Prophet s.a.w. said to Khubayb, "Say!" Not knowing what to say, Khubayb remained silent. The Prophet s.a.w. made the same demand two more times. On the third time, Khubayb said, "O Allah's Messenger, what should I say?" The Prophet s.a.w. replied: "Say 'Qul huw-allahu ahad' (Sura al-Ikhlas) and the muawwithatan (Sura al-Falaq & Sura An-Nas) three times in the evening and in the morning. This would protect you from all (harmful) things." (10)

_____

Abu Masud al-Ansari reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whoever recites the two ayat at the end of surat ul-Baqarah (verses 285 & 286) at night, they suffice him (as protection for that night." (11)

_____

Shaddad Bin Aws reported that the Prophet s.a.w. teached his companions the following Adhkaar (Sayyidul Istighfar) and indicated that whoever recites it during the evening and dies during the night, will go to paradise (12) :

Allahumma anta Rabbi, la ilaha illa anta, khalaqtani, wa ana 'abduka, wa ana 'ala 'ahdika wa wa'dika mastata't, authubika min sharri ma sana't, abu'u laka bi ni'matika alayya, wa abu'u bisanbi, faghfirli, fa innahu la yaghfiruth thunuba illa ant.

O Allah, You are my Lord, and there is no (true) god but You. You created me, and I am Your servant, and I try to fulfill my covenant and promise to You as much as I am able. I seek Your protection from the evil of my doings. I admit Your favors upon me, and I confess my sins to You, so forgive me, because no one forgives sins but You.

_____

'Abdullah Bin 'Amr and Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said, promised for a person who says this extollment one hundred times in the evening:

Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu, wahdahu laa sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, yuhyi wa yumitu, wa huwa 'alaa kulli shay'in qadir.

There is no (true) god except Allah, alone and without any partners. To Him belongs the dominion, He deserves all praise. He gives life and death, and He is capable of everything.

This will count for him as freeing ten slaves; and one hundred good deeds will be recorded for him, one hundred sins will be removed from his record, and this will provide for him a shelter from Satan until the morning; and no one will come (on Judgment Day) with a better deed except for a man who exceeded him (in saying it. (13)

But for reciting the above mentioned Adhkaar just 10-times, Allah will record for him for every one extollment ten good deeds, will remove from his record ten sins, and will raise him ten ranks (in Jannah), and they will count for him as freeing ten slaves. Allah will also protect him from Satan, and they will shield him from the beginning until the end of the night. (14)

And for reciting the Adhkaar just once in the evening, it will count for him as freeing one slave from Ismail's offspring, ten good deeds will be recorded for him, ten sins will be removed from his record, he will be raised ten ranks (in paradise), and he will be protected from Satan until the morning. (15)

_____

The Adhkaar mentioned above are inshaAllah the most important ones. But for those who want to do more, here are listed a few more:

Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Prophet s.a.w. used to say in the evening:

Amsayna wa-amsal mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillah. La ilaaha illAllahu wahdahu Ia sharika lahu, lahul- mulku wa-lahul hamd, wa-huwa 'ala kulli shayin qadir. Rabbi asaluka khayra maa fie hathihil laylati wa- khayra maa badaha, wa-authu bika min sharri maa fie hathihil laylati wa-sharri maa badaha. Rabbi authu bika minal kasali wa-suuil kibar. Rabbi authu bika min 'athabin fin-nari wa-athabin fil-qabr.

We have reached the morning, and the dominion continues to belong to Allah - all praise be to Allah. There is no (true) god but Allah, alone without any partner. To Him belongs the dominion, He is worthy of all praise, and He is capable of everything. My Lord, I ask You for the goodness of this day and of what comes after it, and seek your protection from the evil of this day and of what comes after it. My Lord, I (also) seek your protection from laziness, from the evil of old age, from the punishment in the Fire, and from the punishment in the grave. (16)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. used to say in the evening and teached it to his companions:

Allahumma bika amsayna, wa-bika asbahna, wa-bika nahya, wa-bika namut, wa-ilayk al-masir.

O Allah, by You (i.e., Your will and power) we have reached the morning, by You we had reached the evening, by You we live, by You we wil die, and to You will be our emergence (from graves). (17)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. recommended to say in the morning 100-times:

SubhanAllahi wa-bihamdih.

Exalted be Allah, and praise be to Him.

The Prophet s.a.w. further indicated that whoever says this, his sins will be forgiven, even if they exceed the foam of the sea. And no one will come on Resurrection Day with better deeds - except for a person who says the same or more. (18)

_____

'Abdullah Bin 'Umar reported that the Prophet s.a.w. would not leave off saying the following supplication in the evening:

Allahumma inni asalukal 'aafiyata fid-dunya wal- akhirah. Allahumma asalukal 'afwa wal-afiyata fie dieni wa-dunyaya wa-ahli wa-maali. Allahummastur 'awrati wa-amin rawa'ati. Allahummahfasni min bayni yadayya wa-min khalfi, wa- an yamini wa-'an shimali, wa-min fauqi, wa-authu bi-'asamatika an ughtaala min tahti.

O Allah, I ask You for well-being in this first and the next. O Allah, I seek Your pardon and well-being in regard to my religion, life, family, and wealth. O Allah, cover my weaknesses and ease my fear. O Allah, protect me from in front of me and behind me, from my right and left sides, and from above me; and I seek refuge in Your greatness that I may be attacked from underneath me. (19)

_____

Anas reported that the Prophet s.a.w. told Fatimah to say in the evening:

Ya hayyu, ya qayyum, bi-rahmatika astaghith. Aslih li shani kullah, wala takilni ila nafsi tarfata 'aynin abada.

O You who are ever Living and Watchful, through Your mercy I appeal for help, so rectify all of my affairs, and do not relinquish me to myself for even as little as a blink of an eye. (20)

_____

Abu ad-Darda' said that Allah alleviates all concerns for a person who says seven times in the evening:

Hasbiy Allahu la ilaha ilia huwa 'alayhi tawakkalt, wa-huwa rabb ul-arsh il-azlm.

Sufficient for me (as helper and protector) is Allah; there is no (true) god except Him; upon Him I rely, and He is the Lord of the great Throne. (21)

_____

Abu Bakrah reported that he heard the Prophet s.a.w. say three times in the evening:

Allahumma 'afini fie badani, Allahumma 'afini fie sam'i, Allahumma 'afini fie basari, la ilaha illa ant. Allahumma inni authu bika min al-kufri wal-faqr, Allahumma inni authu bika min 'athab il-qabr.

O Allah, grant me well-being in my body, my hearing, and my eyesight. There is no (true) god but You. O Allah, I seek Your protection from disbelief (or ingratitude) and poverty, and I seek Your protection from the torment of the grave. (22)

_____

'Abd ur-Rahman Bin Abza reported that the Prophet s.a.w. used to say in the evening:

Amsayna 'ala fitratil-Islam, wa-kalimat il-ikhlas, wa- 'ala dini nabiyyina Muhammad, wa-ala millati abina Ibrahima hanifan wamaa kana minal-mushrikien.

We have reached the morning while we are upon the pure nature (fitrah) of Islam, and the word of Sincerity (i.e., the Shahadah), and the religion of our Prophet Muhammad, and the creed of our forefather Ibrahim: He was pure in faith and was not of those who joined partners with Allah. (23)

_____

Khawlah Bint Hakim reported that she heard the Prophet s.a.w. say: "Whoever stops at a place (for camping or rest) and says:

A'udhu bi kalimaat-illaahit-taammaati min sharri maa khalaq.

I seek refuge in Allah's complete words from all that He created.

nothing will harm him while he stays at that place." (24)

_____

'Abdullah Bin 'Amr reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "When one of you is terrified during his sleep, let him say:

A'uthu bikalimat-illah it-tammati min ghadabihi wa sharri ibadih, wa min hamazat ish-shayatieni wa an yahduruun.

I seek refuge in Allah's complete words from His anger, from the evil of His creation, and from the spurring of the devils or that they be present with me. (25)

Going to bed early

Ibn 'Abbas and Abu Burazah reported that Allah's Messenger s.a.w. prohibited sleeping before the 'Isha prayer or chatting after it. (26)

_____

'Aishah eported that Allah's Messenger s.a.w. used to sleep in the early part of the night, and wake up (for worship) during its last part. (27)

Cleaning hands and teeth before going to sleep

Abu Hurayrah and Ibn 'Abbas reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whoever has residues of greasy food on his hand and goes to sleep without washing them off, then if something happens to him during the night (like a sting or bite), let him blame none but himself." (28)

'Aishah and Ibn 'Abbas reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Siwak (29) purifies the mouth and pleases the Lord." (30)

Taking ablution

Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "When a person goes to sleep with taharah (state of ritual purity), an angel stays in his covers. If he wakes up at any time of the night, the angel says, "O Allah, forgive Your servant because he slept with taharah."" (31)

_____

Mu'ath Bin Jabal reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whenever a Muslim goes to sleep while he has taharah and while extolling Allah, and then wakes up during the night and asks Allah for any good from this life or the hereafter, He will grant it to him." (32)

Ibn 'Umar reported that he asked the Prophet s.a.w. : "May one of us go to sleep while he is junub' (ritual greater impurity)? The Prophet s.a.w. replied: "Yes, but after performing wudu - if he wishes." (33)

How one sleeps

Al-Bara, Huthayfah, and Hafsah reported that when the Prophet s.a.w. went to bed, he put his hand under his right cheek. (34)

_____

Al-Bara Bin 'Azib reported that the Prophet s.a.w. told him: "When you go to bed, perform a wudu like that for the prayer, then lie on your right side." (35)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. saw a man lying down on his stomach, so he said: "Indeed, this is a manner of sleep that Allah dislikes."(36)

_____

'All Bin Shayban, Jabir and another companion reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whoever sleeps on a house's roof that has no rail (or cover) and then falls and dies, we take no responsibility for him." (37)

_____

Ibn 'Umar reported that the messenger of Allah s.a.w. prohibited solitude, which is to sleep lonely or travel lonely. (38)

_____

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Let not a man look at another man's 'awrah (or nakedness), nor a woman at another woman's. And let not a man sleep under the same cover with another man, nor a woman with another woman. (39)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whenever a person goes to sleep without extolling Allah, that will be a source of regret for him on Resurrection Day. And whenever a person sits in a sitting in which he does not extoll Allah, that will be a source of regret for him on Resurrection Day." (40)

_____

'Abdullah Bin 'Amr reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Satan comes to a person when he is ready to sleep, and makes him fall asleep before he finishes saying them (the athkar)." (41)

_____

When you go to bed, recite Ayat ul-Kursi (al-Baqarah 255) until you conclude it. Allah will then set a protector over you, and no devil would approach you until the morning. (42)

_____

'Uqbah Bin 'Amir reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "0 'Uqbah Bin 'Amir, should I not teach you Suras that nothing similar to them was revealed in the Tawrah (Torah), the Zabur (Psalms), the Injil (Gospel), or the Quran? They are: "Qul huw-allahu ahad", "Qul authu bi rabb-il-falaq" and "Qul authu bi rabb-in-Nas". Let not a night come upon you and you go to bed without reciting them." (43)

_____

'Aishah reported that when Allah's Messenger s.a.w. went to bed, he would bring the palms of both hands together, and breathe into them while reciting "Qul huw-allahu ahad", "Qul authu bi rabb-il-falaq", and "Qul authu bi rabb-in- Nas". He would then rub with them whatever he could reach of his body, starting with his head, face, and the front part of his body. He would do this three times. When he was too ill, he asked me to do this for him. (44)

_____

'Aishah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. did not use to sleep before he recited Surat ul-lsra and Surat uz-Zumar. (45)

_____

Jabir reported that the Prophet s.a.w. did not used to sleep before he recited Surat us-Sajadat and Surat ul-Mulk. (46)

_____

Ali reported that his wife Fatimah complained that her hands ached from using the hand mill. Hearing that her father s.a.w. had received some war prisoners, she requested from him a servant. The Prophet s.a.w. came to her house and addressed her and 'All saying: Should I not teach you both something better than what you requested? When you go to bed, say tasbih thirty-three times, tahmid thirty-three times, and takbir thirty-four times. This would be better for you than a servants. (47) (This is why this dhikr is also called Dhikrul Fatimah, which one also should recite after the obligatory prayer.)

_____

'Abdullah Bin 'Amr reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Satan comes to a person while he is ready to sleep, and makes him fall asleep before he finishes saying them; and he comes to him after the prayer, and reminds him of something he needs to do instead of saying them." (48)

_____

Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Abu Hurayrah and other companions reported that the Prophet s.a.w. teached them to recite the following before going to bed:

Allahumma 'alimal ghaybi wash-shahadat, fatir as-samawati wal-ardh, rabba kulli shay in wa-malikah, ash-hadu ala ilaha illa ant, authu bika min sharri nafsi, wa-min sharr ish-shaytani wa-shirkih, wa-an aqtarifa 'ala nafsi suan au ajurrahu ila Muslim.

O Allah, Knower of the ghayb and witnessed worlds, Creator of the heavens and earth, Lord and Sovereign of all things: I bear witness that there is no (true) god except You. I seek Your protection from the evil of myself, from the evil and shirk of Satan, and from that I would commit harm against myself or direct it toward another Muslim. (49)

_____

Anas reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whoever says when he goes to bed:

Al-hamdu lillahil-latju kafani wa-awani; al-hamdu lillahil-lathi at amani wa-saqani; al-hamdu lillahil- lathi manna 'alayya wa-afdal. Allahumma inni as-aluka bi-is-satika an tunajjiyani minan-nar.

Praise be to Allah who sufficed me and gave me abode; praise be to Allah who fed me and gave me drink; praise be to Allah who favored me with His generosity. O Allah, I ask You, by Your dignity, to save me from the Fire.

Whoever says this should indeed have praised Allah with all forms of praise of the whole creations." (50)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. instructed to say the following when going to bed, and indicated that whoever says it, his sins will be forgiven, even if they were as much as the foam of the sea:

La ilaha illAllah, wahdahu Ia sharika lah, lahul-mulku, wa-la hul-hamdu, wa-huwa 'ala kulli shayin qadir. La haula wala quwata ilia billahil-'Aliyy il-Azim. Subhan Allahi, wal-hamdu lillahi, wa-la ilaha illAllahu, wallahu akbar.

There is no (true) god except Allah, alone and without any partners. To Him belongs the dominion, He deserves all praise, and He is capable of everything. There is no power or might except from Allah, the Supreme, the Great; exalted be Allah; all praise be to Allah; there is no (true) god but Allah; Allah is the Greatest. (51)

______

Huthayfah and al-Bara reported that when the Prophet s.a.w. went to sleep, he would put his hand under his right cheek and say:

Bismik-Allahumma amutu wa-ahya.

With Your Name, O Allah, I die and live. (52)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "When a person goes to sleep, Satan ties three knots over the back of his head, blowing into each knot while saying, "You have a long night, so sleep on." If this person wakes up and extolls Allah, one knot loosens. If he performs wudu, another knot loosens. And if he prays, the third knot loosens, so that he becomes lively, good-natured, and successful; otherwise, he gets up in the morning ill-natured, lazy, and unsuccessful. (53)

_____

'Abdullah Bin Mas'ud reported that a man was mentioned to the Prophet s.a.w. who slept until the morning without getting up for prayer. The Prophet s.a.w. said: Satan has urinated in this man's ears." (54)

_____

Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet s.a.w. would not sleep without the siwak next to him. When he woke up, he would start off by using the siwak. (55)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "When one of you wakes up and performs wudu, he should rinse his nose and blow it three times, because the Devil sleeps upon his nose. (56)

The Blessing of the night-prayer

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when only one third of the night has remained. He says, "Who is there invoking Me, so that I may answer him? Who is there asking Me, so that I may give him? Who is there seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?" (57)

_____

Their (the believers') sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope; and they spend out of what We bestowed on them. [as-Sajadah 16]

_____

Lo! Those who keep from evil will dwell amid gardens and watersprings, taking that which their Lord giveth them; for lo! Aforetime they were doers of good; they used to sleep but little of the night, And ere the dawning of each day would seek forgiveness. [Ad-Dhariyat 15-18]

_____

Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "I urge you to perform, qiyam at night, because it was the consistent way of the righteous people who preceded you, it is a means of coming closer to Your Lord, it is a means of expiating your wrongdoings, and it is a restraint against sinning. (58)

_____

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "The best of prayers after those prescribed, are those prayed in the depth of the night." (59)

_____

'Aishah reported that the Prophet's s.a.w. qiyam prayer was so long that his legs swelled and his feet cracked. They asked him, "Why should you do this, O Allah's Messenger, when all of your sins, past and future, have been forgiven?" He replied: "Should I not be a servant who is perpetually grateful (to Allah)?" (60)

_____

'Abdullah Bin 'Amr reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Whoever prays qiyam reciting ten verses, he will not be recorded among the negligent. Whoever prays qiyam reciting one hundred ayat, he will be recorded among the devout. And whoever prays qiyam reciting one thousand ayat, he will be recorded among those with a multitude of good deeds." (61)

_____

'Aishah reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Take upon yourselves only deeds that you can (consistently) maintain, for, by Allah, Allah is never bored (i.e., never stops accepting your deeds) until you are (by interrupting your heavy worship)." (62)

_____

Huthayfah and al-Bara reported that the Prophet s.a.w. used to say when he woke up:

Al-hamdulillah-hil-lasi ahyana b'ada maa amaatana, wa-ilayhin-nushur.

Praise be to Allah who resurrected us after He made us die. And to Him will be the (people's) emergence (from graves). (63)

Footnotes:

  1. Bukhari, Muslim
  2. Bukhari (3304, 5623), Muslim (2012, 2013), and others
  3. Abu Dawood and Bukhari
  4. Tirmithi, Ibn Hibban, and others
  5. Muslim (2018) and Abu Dawood
  6. Bukhari, Muslim and others
  7. Bukhari (3304, 5623), Muslim (2112, 2013)
  8. Bukhari, Muslim
  9. Bukhari (6293, 6294), Muslim (2015, 2016)
  10. Abu Dawood, at-Tirmithi, and others
  11. Bukhari (5008, 5009) and Muslim (808)
  12. Bukhari (6306), an-Nasa'i, and others
  13. Bukhari (6403), Muslim (2691), Nasa'i, Ahmad and others
  14. Ahmad, an-Nasa'i and at-Tabarani
  15. Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i, and others
  16. Muslim, Abu Dawood and others
  17. Muslim, Abu Dawood and others
  18. Muslim (2692), Abu Dawood and others
  19. Abu Dawood, an-Nasa'I and others
  20. an-Nasa'i and al-Bazzar
  21. Ibn 'Asakir, Ibn us-Sunni and others
  22. Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i and others
  23. Ahmad, at-Tabarani and others
  24. Muslim (2708), an-Nasa'i and others
  25. Abu Dawood, at-Tirmithi and others
  26. Tabarani
  27. Bukhari (1146), Muslim (739) and others
  28. Abu Dawood, at-Tirmithi and others
  29. A twig of a desert scrub
  30. Ahmad, an-Nasa'i
  31. Ibn Hibban and at-Tabarani
  32. Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah and others
  33. Bukhari (287, 289, 290), Muslim (306) and others
  34. Bukhari (286, 288), Muslim (305) and others
  35. Bukharl (247), Muslim (2710) and others
  36. Tirmithi, Ibn Hibban and others
  37. Abu Dawood, Tirmithi and others
  38. Ahmad
  39. Muslim (338), Abu Dawood and others
  40. Abu Dawood, an-Nasa'i
  41. Abu Dawood, Tirmithi
  42. Ibn Khuzaymah and others
  43. Ahmad
  44. Bukhari (5017, 5748), Abu Dawood and others
  45. Tirmithi, Ahmad and others
  46. an-Nasa'i, at-Tirmithi and others
  47. Bukhari (3113, 3705, 5361, 6318), Muslim (2727) and others
  48. Abu Dawood, at-Tirmithi and others
  49. Abu Dawood, at-Tirmithi and others
  50. al-Bayhaqi, al-Hakim and others
  51. an-Nasa'I, Ibn Hibban
  52. al-Bukhari (6312, 6314, 6324), Muslim (2710), and others
  53. al-Bukhari (1142, 3269), Muslim (776), and others
  54. al-Bukhari (1144, 3270), Muslim (774), and others
  55. Ahmad and Ibn Nasr
  56. al-Bukhari (3295), Muslim (238), and others
  57. Tirmithi, an-Nasa'i, and al-Hakim
  58. Tirmithi, at-Tabarani, and others
  59. Muslim (1163) and Ahmad
  60. al-Bukhari (1130, 4836, 6471), Muslim (2819), and others
  61. Abu Dawood and Ibn Hibban
  62. al-Bukhari (43) and Muslim (785)
  63. Bukhari (6312, 6314, 6324), Muslim (2710), and others

____________________

Next chapter:

How to destroy a Buhul?
When it comes to destroying a Buhul, there are a number of things to consider...

Ruqyah - Islamic Exorcism

Index