Since the beginning, pure monotheism has fought a hefty battle with the forces of dualism. The starting point of the Gnostic-Dualist philosophy is to attribute substance, or an essence, to evil (or darkness). The solution which Gnostic-Dualism offers for the problem of the existence of evil is to say that it must exist within God, the Principle, whereas the theodicy (1) of orthodox theologies sees evil as the absence of good, which appears on the plane of existence, but which has no origin in Absolute Reality.
If both evil and good were absolute, but necessarily in irreducible mutual opposition, then the Principle in which they originate would be inconceivable because of its inherent internal contradiction. It is for this reason that the God of the various Gnosticisms has to be affirmed as being completely unknowable. Classical Ismailism, for example, called the Absolute Ghayb Ta'ala ("Supreme Unseen", "Supreme Void" or "The Great Absence", later called al-Mubdi' , "originator" or "principle"). This corresponds to the "Abyss" (Bythos) of Hellenistic Gnosticism.
It is common to all the Gnostic philosophies to propose that the world is the result of a conflict between the polarization of the two forces of good and evil within the world of emanation (2), a metacosm called the pleroma . As a result of this conflict, they say, the emanation known as the Demiurge creates the world. (The Manicheans see creation as a kind of of defensive tactic whereby the emanation of the "good" aspect of God takes refuge from attack of the "evil" one. Once hidden in the form of light, they say, God is then "liberated" by the realization and acts of the Gnostics, or "Knowers".)
In the Hellenistic mythological formulation, in this world there are fragments of the emanation known as Sophia, the Aeon who personifies "Wisdom"; Sophia knowing something of the unknowable God from which she emanated, tried to return to this God in a "hopeless leap" whose course was shattered by Horos , another Aeon who personifies limitation. The fragments of wisdom thus shattered reside in men - the Gnostics, the Knowers - who hear the call that tells them that they are "the son of a King" and "gold that has fallen into the world's mud". It calls them to throw off the impure "clothing" of forms and false, external knowledge, and to realize their "nature of light".
The world, however, like the unknowable "God" who contains within himself the two principles in mysterious und unfathomable union, also contains the two principles, but in conflict with each other. Thus, in a certain sense, the physical world too is "divine" or "absolute" or an "autonomous reality" (like modern science perceives it too).
In the "realized" consciousness the two principles can coexist, just as they do in the unknown God, and that "realized" consciousness is considered by Gnostics to be itself a hypostasis of the Divinity, or simply Divine.
The awakening call is an essential element in Gnostic mythology. On hearing "the call", the Gnostics form communities; their salvation lies in the recognition of the Divinity hidden in the world in the form of the Gnostic teacher; it awaits the end of the world, when the world and evil disappear and there remain, along with the Abyss, the principles of light and darkness, which when unmixed are neither good nor evil. However, their reward for waiting is salvation, which is nothing less than Deification.
Transhumanism and Gnosticism thus share the same goal: becoming like God. Both follow similar delusions and thus come to the same conclusion.
In Christianity, Gnostic-Dualism was very obviously introduced by the divine status of Jesus, but also e.g. by Paulus giving essence to evil, where he calls Satan the "God of this world" (2 Kor 4, 4).
In Islam, dualism creeped in through Ismailism (3), Manicheism (4), and Hellenistic philosophy (5) on which modern science is based. It took the "catastrophes" of the Mongol invasions and the Reconquista to stop the intrusions.
In Judaism, dualism creeped in through the teachings of the Kabbalah (6). It is this form of dualism, which uses modern science and technology as its vehicle, which forms the greatest fitnah (7) ever experienced, the fitnah of the Dajjal or the Antichrist (8).